We have often seen people wandering about what are the tallest mountains. But no one gives you the correct answers, right? Well, no worries today in this article we are going to tell about the Top 20 Tallest Mountains.
20of the world’s tallest mountains are located in central and south Asia. They are all measured on an individual basis, not as part of a mountain range.
Located on the island of Hawaii, Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano half submerged in the Pacific Ocean. It stands at 10 203 meters when measured from the Pacific Ocean’s floor to its summit, which is astronomically the tallest mountain in the world. As a result of the focused nature of this list, only peaks whose bottoms are above sea level are considered, that is, both the bottom and top of mountain must be found above sea level.
1. Mount Everest
The highest point on Earth is Mount Everest, also known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet. It was first identified by the British in 1802 and first climbed by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa in 1953. People from all over the world have attempted to reach its summit on thousands of mountaineering expeditions. Nevertheless, only a few have succeeded.
2. K2 /Chhogori/Godwin Austen, Baltoro Karakoram
In Pakistan, Baltistan has both the highest point along the Karakoram range and the highest point in K2. K2 has a staggering altitude of 8611 meters, and due to its complexity, it is also known as the savage mountain. The mountain has never been summited during the winter and has one of the lowest numbers of successful ascents. A mission led by Ardito Desio led by Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni reached the summit in 1954.
3. Kangchenjunga, Kangchenjunga Himalaya
Until 1852, the highest mountain in the world was believed to be this peak. As the highest peak in India, Kanchenjunga rises 8586 meters above sea level. Known in Sikkim and Nepal as five fortresses of snow, the name is a revered place among the people of Darjeeling, Sikkim, and Nepal. Due to its long history, it is also a popular tourist destination.
4. Lhotse, Mahalangur Range Himalaya
Tibetan and Sherpa languages both refer to Lhotse as “Southern Peak”. It is the second-highest mountain in the Mahalangur range with a height of 8516 meters. Ernest Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger’s Swiss team first climbed Lhotse’s main summit in 1956.
5. Makalu, Mahalangur range Himalaya
As we reach the top 5, the altitude is staggering, so high that even Mount Makalu, which is 8485 meters high, is number 5. While Makalu is part of the Mahalangur range, it is an isolated peak shaped like a four-sided pyramid. Climbers from France reached Makalu’s summit for the first time in 1955.
6. Cho Oyu, Mahalangur range Himalaya
The Tibetan word “Cho Oyu” means “Turquoise Goddess.”. Located 20 kilometers west of Mount Everest, it is one of the highest peaks in the Mahalangur range at 8201 meters and Cho Oyu is usually considered the easiest of the 8000-meter peaks because of its moderate slopes and nearby passes. Cho Oyu’s first summit was held on 19th October 1954 by Austrians Herbert Tichy and Sepp Jochler, along with Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama.
7. Dhaulagiri I, Dhaulagiri Himal
Dhaulagiri mountain range drains its snow over hundreds of kilometres into the Ganges river in India from the Kali Gandaki in Nepal. Its highest peak is 8167 meters high, making it the seventh highest peak on earth. It is the highest point in the valley of the Kali Gandaki river. A combination of two Sanskrit words gives Dhaulagiri its name – ‘Dhaula,’ which means dazzling, and ‘Giri,’ which means mountain.
8. Manaslu, Manaslu Himal
The word Manaslu comes from the Sanskrit word ‘manas’ which actually means ‘knowledge’ or ‘spirit.’ It lies in the Himalayas’ Gorkha district and is close to the Annapurna range. Manaslu is 8163 meters high. To maintain sustainability and conservation goals, a Manaslu Conservation Area Project has also been set up.
9. Nanga Parbat, Nanga Parbat Himalayas
Nanga Parbat, which stands at 8126 meters in Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan region, is locally called Deo-mir. In addition to being known as “Killer Mountain”, it has one of the highest numbers of fatalities and unsuccessful expeditions simultaneously; it has never been climbed during the winter. In the 1950s, the Germans gave it a name, “Unserberg,” which means our mountain.
10. Annapurna I, Annapurna Massif
After we reach the top 10, the summits’ elevation keeps increasing, while the number of successful summits decreases. Annapurna I’s main peak stands at 8091 meters, making it the tenth tallest mountain in the world. The name Annapurna comes from Sanskrit, which means “sufficient grains.”
11. K5, Baltoro Karakoram
The Karakoram range’s fifth highest peak, K5, received a new name in the late 20th century. As a result of its extreme remoteness, the peak was given the name hidden peak. In 1956, Pete Schoning and Andy Kauffman were part of an eight-member American team that climbed this 8080-meter peak.
12. Broad Peak or K3, Baltoro Karakoram
Falchan Kangri, the broad peak at 8051 meters, is the 12th highest mountain in the world.
During most of the year, climbing it is nearly impossible in these ranges because of its harsh conditions.
13. Gasherbrum II or K4, Baltoro Karakoram
As mentioned above, Gasherbrum II is located above Gasherbrum III in the Karakoram range. An Austrian climber climbed the 8035-meter peak for the first time in 1956. Asherbrum II is the fourth highest mountain in the Karakoram range and is also commonly referred to as K4.
14. Shishapangma, Jugal Himal
The mountains listed above are all above an altitude of more than 8000 meters, which puts them in the elite mountain peak category. The fact that it is the lowest of all the 8000-meter mountains does not make it any easier to climb. It lies between Tibet and Nepal. The area is a restricted area that foreigners cannot visit for security reasons. In Tibetan, the name Shishapangma means “crest above grassy meadows”; it stands at an altitude of 8013 meters.
15. Gyanchung Kang, Mahalangur Himalaya
Gyanchung Kang is located between two of the tallest mountains in the world, Cho Oyu and Everest, both above 8000 meters. It is located between Nepal and the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China, and is part of the Mahalangur Himalaya. The first ascent was made by the Japanese in 1964 and in this list, Gyanchung Kang is animportant point since it is the highest mountain below 8000 meters in the world. Its height is 7952 meters.
16. Annapurna II, Annapurna Massif
The Annapurna peaks make up the vast Annapurna massif, a vital part of the Himalayan ranges. It lies in the eastern ranges of the Annapurna range at 7934 meters high, and contrary to popular belief, it is an independent peak. In 1960, Richard Grant, Chris Bonington, and Ang Nyima Sherpa made the first ascent of this peak.
17. Gasherbrum IV, Baltoro Karakoram
As the name suggests, Gasherbrum IV is a peak in the Gasherbrum mountain range in Pakistan. On the greater Himalayan range, near the Karakoram range, the Baltoro Glacier extends northeast. In Urdu, Gasherbrum means “Shining Wall”. This peak is about 7932 meters above sea level, which is in the same range as another three peaks in the Gasherbrum range.
18. Himalchuli, Manaslu Himalaya
Himalchuli peak is located in Nepal Himalayas and lies south of Mount Manaslu, one of the world’s highest mountains. With a height of 7892 meters, Himalchuli’s Mansiri Himalaya is its second-highest summit. It was first climbed in 1960 by Hisashi Tanabe, a Japanese.
19. Hispar Karakoram, Distaghil Sar
In the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, this peak is located in the Karakoram range. Dishtaghil Sar measures 7884 meters in height and is almost three kilometers across and it was first climbed in 1960 by Gunther Starker and Diether Marchar, who were part of an Austrian expedition team.
It is the highest peak in the Hispar Muztagh range.
20. Nuptse, Mahalangur Himalaya
In Sherpa or tibetan, the word Nuptse means ‘western peak.’ It is located in the Mahalangur range in the Khumbu region and is one of Mount Everest’s mountains. Dennis Davis and Tashi Sherpa conquered it for the first time in 1961. The summit of Nuptse is ranked 20th on this list of the highest mountain peaks in the world.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
Which is the tallest mountain in this world?
Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. Check out this video to know more bout Mt. Everest.
What are the tools required for climbing a mountain?
To know about what type of mountain tools you require for climbing a mountain, check our article for that.
Name some tallest peak in the world.
Name of some tallest peak are as follows:
Annapurna I, Annapurna Massif
Nanga Parbat, Nanga Parbat Himalayas
Manaslu, Manaslu Himal
Dhaulagiri I, Dhaulagiri Himal
Cho Oyu, Mahalangur range Himalaya
Lhotse, Mahalangur Range Himalaya
Kangchenjunga, Kangchenjunga Himalaya
K2, Baltoro Karakoram