Those of you who are into rappelling are quite familiar with the word rappel rings, but many of you don’t know it for sure that what are rappel rings and what exactly they are used for. So today in this article we have decided to tell everything about rappel rings in detail.
The rappel rings are metal loops that are mounted to a wall, allowing a person to lower oneself down a length of the clip. If you want to rappel in a location where it’s impossible to find an anchor, then these devices are essential.
You can usually find rappel rings at your local climbing crag, near the top of sport routes. Besides rappelling down an elongated route, the consists of anchors, quick draws, and tools that let you belay without needing to leave your gear. Rappel rings aren’t just found at crags; many rappelling locations, such as canyons or caves, also have them.
What Are Rappel Rings?
A rappel ring is a small, circular piece of metal that’s attached to a hangar. You can clip the rappel rings into a hanger by attaching one end to the wall and the other to an exposed end of the wall. Hangers are small pieces of metal bent at 90 degrees that are attached to the wall.
When rappel rings are used, metal loops are threaded through the open end of the hanger and welded shut. Climbers can clip into this solid piece of protection to provide them with rock-solid protection.
When Can You Use Rappel Rings?
If you need to lower down to a location without an anchor, rappel rings can be a great help. Since rappel rings are drilled directly into the rock, they can be placed almost anywhere and used for various activities, such as rock climbing, caving, and canyoneering. You can put your weight on the rings as long as they are in good condition (which you should always check before use).
As we already know what are rappel rings now we need to see how they are used in the rappel rings. If you are a climber, you probably already know what rappel rings are. You can clip into a pair of rings at the top of almost every sport route after you’ve completed the climb. The majority of crags have rings near the ground, which means you can practice certain techniques with your partner before going up the rock.
As far as climbing is concerned, rappel rings serve several purposes, including:
- Rappelling off of: Climbing down a route with a rope is one of the easiest and least taxing ways to do it. Generally, the rope will have two rings hooked into two separate hangers; thread your rope through both of them, make sure it’s equalized, and lower yourself to the ground safely. When you’re finished, just pull the rope back down. It’s convenient, and you won’t have to worry about leaving anything behind.
- Lowering: Rappelling rings are probably the most commonly used equipment when climbing. It’s often easier to get down single-pitch routes by having your belayer lower rather than by setting up a rappel.
It is convenient to lower using rappel rings because of their security and ease of use. In addition, you do not need to clean the route – just clip a quick draw at each rappel ring, pull the rope through, and then get lowered off of them. If you do have to clean the route, all you have to do is clip into the rings with your PAS, untie yourself from the rope, thread it through the rings, and then tie yourself back in.
As you lower, the rope will slide through the rings when you are on it (instead of sitting statically as it would during a rappel). Thus, friction will increase between your rope and your rappel rings.
- Building Anchors: If you want to belay someone up a multi-pitch route, you may want to try the route on top-rope or create a more secure anchor. Rappel rings are perfect for these situations because they provide a really strong bond to the rock, which means your anchor will be less likely to fail. You can build your anchor as usual, and then clip yourself to the wall with the rappel rings.
Rappel rings play a large role in canyoneering, which is sometimes also called canyoning.
In canyoneering, you will often have to descend steep rock walls that are either too steep or too wet to negotiate. As a result, rappelling is an essential skill. This can be done in a more safe manner with rappel rings rather than, say, building an anchor; additionally, you do not have to leave behind any gear.
Besides ensuring that your rope stays secure on the rock, the main advantage of rappel rings is that the rope is not worn to the same extent as if you were rappelling off of webbing. Ropes that slide easily against the metal sides of a rappel ring are more effective than ropes that are tangled with a sling or other equipment.
You can also anchor into a rappel ring if you’re on uncertain terrain and want to rest without worrying that you’ll fall. By anchoring yourself to the rings with a sling or PAS, you can gain a little peace of mind.
Canyoneering requires bringing spare screw-links, rappel rings, or bail carabiners with you just in case an anchor’s rappel ring is worn out. As an alternative to hanging your gear on a separate hanger, you can use the rappel ring as a connection point. The risk of rappelling via a carabiner costing $10 is greater than the risk of rappelling safely.
In caving, you often descend cliff faces on which it would be impossible or impractical to build anchors. During the course of your rappel, rappel rings become an incredibly valuable piece of equipment, allowing you to safely negotiate obstacles.
In addition to their climbing or canyoneering purposes, the rings also serve another function: as you ascend using a jumar or similar device, your rope remains behind for you to use later. Although this is extremely useful for those who are able to lower themselves down cliffs that they are unable to climb back up, it also presents a set of unique considerations:
When to Not Use Rappel Rings
You should still approach rappel rings with caution before using them despite how useful they are and how much easier your life will be after using them. As long as the rappel rings were set up by someone else, you will rely on who set them up to anchor yourself to the wall unless you set the route yourself. Most of the time, this is fine. Most popular rappelling areas have climber’s associations or some similar organization, that takes care of the gear on the walls and ensures that it’s always in good condition.
You can still find hundreds (if not thousands) of pieces of hardware drilled into the rock in your local crag at any given time. It is unreasonable to expect that anyone could keep track of the quality of each piece of gear in a specific area when multi-pitch routes, caving expeditions, and canyoneering locations are involved. Due to this, it is important to do your due diligence before you trust a rappel ring with your weight.
If you want to know whether a ring is safe, you need to examine its quality and the way it is attached to the rock. In the first instance, the ring itself is involved, while in the second instance the hanger and bolt secure it to the wall.
Checking the Rappel Ring
You must check your rappel ring before you put your body weight on it so you can determine whether it is safe. The majority of the checks you need to do are visual ones, and can be done in a relatively short amount of time. As a result, always take your time and follow the steps correctly.
A rappel ring should meet the following requirements before you trust it with your weight:
Check the Bolt and Hanger
It is entirely possible for a rappel ring to be in perfect condition, but completely unsafe if the anchor that holds it to the wall is weak. Be sure to check these two pieces of gear to ensure they won’t come loose during your rappel. You should look for the following things when inspecting a hanger and bolt:
How to Use Rappel Rings
Now that we’ve been introduced to rappel rings and learned when they’re safe and when they’re not, we’re going to look at how to utilize them in several different scenarios.
Mostly this will apply to single pitch sport routes. Once you’re at the top, if you’d like your partner to lower you down, you can do the following:
- Use a PAS to attach yourself to the ring.
- You will need to use a different link on the PAS to connect to the other rappel ring when using a quick draw. In case one ring fails, you have a backup.
- Allow your belayer to give you some slack so you can check whether your anchor is secure. Proceed to the next step if it holds.
- Knot an overhand knot after pulling up the rope.
- Connect this knot to your harness using a carabiner. You are now attached to the rope through a means other than your figure-8.
- Take off your harness by undoing the figure-eight knot.
- Both rappel rings should be threaded with the rope.
- Use a figure-8 knot to reattach yourself to the rope.
- Pull the slack from the rope by untying the overhand knot in your harness and having your belayer retie it.
- Make sure the rope is secure by putting your weight on it.
- Upon finding out that it is correct, you should unclip the PAS and quickdraw from the rappel rings. With the rope threaded through the quick-draws, you are suspended and waiting for your partner to lower you.
Rappelling (Two Strand)
- Use a PAS, sling, or similar device to anchor yourself into the rappel rings.
- Use an overhand knot clipped through a carabiner to secure your rope to your harness.
- Tie a stopper knot with the rope end that you fed through the rappel rings.
- Tie a second stopper knot on the other end of the rope.
- Place the rope halfway through the rappel rings and begin pulling the rope. If your rope did not come with the half-way pre-marked, be sure to do so before rappelling.
- You will secure the rappel device to your harness by attaching it to the rope.
- An ATC or other non-locking device should be backed up with a prussik or similar knot.
- The rope should now be securely passed through your device once you have untied the overhand knot.
- Make sure the rope is on the ground at both ends of the rope, if possible.
- Unanchor yourself and rappel.
Rappel (One Strand)
- Attach yourself to the rappel rings.
- The rope should be attached to the rappel rings with a knot of your choice. If you tie it only to one rappel ring, you might want to consider backing it up on the other.
- On the other end of the rope, tie a stopper knot.
- Rope should be lowered.
- Attach your rappel device to the rope.
- Unanchor yourself and rappel.
Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQs ):
How do you take off rappel rings?
To know, that how should take off the rappel ring, you need to watch this video below.
What is a rappel ring?
The rappel rings are metal loops that are mounted to a wall, allowing a person to lower oneself down a length of clip. If you want to rappel in a location where it’s impossible to find an anchor, then these devices are essential.
What is needed to rappel?
We need the following equipment to rappel:
A rappel or belay device
Carabiners and Slings
To know more about the gear used for rappelling, you need to take a glimpse of this article written by us, which has everything you need to know.
What are anchor rings used for?
Anchor rings are metal rings attached to anchors, usually quick-links or rappels, through which ropes are rigged with an anchor attached to the metal ring. It prevents rope from rubbing against webbing used to construct the anchor, preventing webbing from being damaged and making it easier to pull rope back through the anchor from the bottom.
How do you use a figure 8 rappel device?
If you want to know that how you should use a figure 8 rappel device then have a look at this video.